Grey wolves have a very complex communication system. They communicate by using body scents, paw glands, body language, yips, and barks. Wolves use their body scent to mark their territory by urinating. Wolves have scent glands in their paws and they will use their paws to place their scent for others to smell.
Wolves communicate by howling, yipping, and barking. Wolves use their voices when other wolves are close and interact with one another. A wolf's howl can be heard as far away as six miles. Their voices are also used to warn other wolves.
The wolves are social animals, and they live in packs. The alpha male and female are the leaders of the pack. The wolves use their whole body from head to tail to communicate with one another. The wolves use their tail, and face to show their confidence and pack rank. An alpha wolf will have his or her tail held higher than the rest.
All pack members must live and work together to survive. The wolves need good communication with each other. An alpha wolf will kill one to three wolves in his or her lifetime.